Dealing with Disruptions in Rail Transportation
Rail transportation systems are complex systems which are carefully planned well in advance, but they are vulnerable to technical failures or other incidents that demand drastic changes to the predefined operational plans. The impact of these disruptions depends largely on the particular transportation network characteristics, the duration and location of unavailable infrastructure, and the disruption management. Disruption management aims at reducing the impact to travellers and train operating companies as much as possible, which requires shared situational awareness of all actors involved, an effective informed decision-making process, and quick execution of feasible plan adjustments including transition phases. Particular challenging are the uncertainties surrounding all these processes and the rapid response needed to prevent further degraded performance. This talk gives an overview of the various aspects of disruption management and illustrates how data analytics and optimization models can support effective and fast disruption management in the future.
Prof.Dr. Rob Goverde
Full Professor of Railway Traffic Operations and Management at the Department of Transport and Planning, Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands
Prof.Dr. Rob Goverde has an MSc in Mathematics from Utrecht University (1993), a Professional Doctorate in Engineering (PDEng) in Mathematical Modelling and Decision Support from Delft University of Technology (1996), and a PhD in Railway Operations from Delft University of Technology (2005). He has more than 20 years of experience in railway operations research and education, and cooperated in many national and international research and advisory projects on railway capacity assessment, timetable design, railway traffic management, disruption management, train control, and railway signalling. He is the author of more than 100 journal papers, book chapters, and peer reviewed conference papers. He also chairs the Railway Systems cluster of the TU Delft Transport Institute, and is board Member of the International Association of Railway Operations Research (IAROR), Associate Editor of the IEEE Transactions on ITS, Associate Editor of the Journal of Rail Transport Planning & Management, and Member of the Institution of Railway Signal Engineers (IRSE).
Maintaining Rail's Safety Leadership in the Age of Autonomy
By any objective measure, railways are a very safe form of transport, but that safety is often achieved at very high cost. Increasing levels of protection and automation are costly to design, produce, validate and maintain. For mass transit systems in particular, the additional need for high levels of availability tends to lead to very complex systems. But, where such systems are not installed accidents sometimes still happen, and when they do, public criticism is intense; people expect railways to be safe. The industry currently faces new forms of competition from the rapidly evolving technology of autonomous road vehicles. These new technologies can claim large gains in safety because they start from the current very poor performance level of the road domain. The developers and manufacturers of these technologies are keen to point that out, but the media comments when accidents do happen with autonomous systems make it unclear, as yet, whether public opinion will accept those arguments. Nevertheless, the rail industry cannot be complacent. The speaker will explore some of these issues and how the rail industry can respond to them, including how using some of these new techniques might improve performance and reduce whole life cost.
Prof.Roderick Ian Muttram
Independent Consultant, Fourth Insight Ltd, United Kingdom
Roderick (Rod) Muttram is system and safety engineer with over 40 years’ experience in four industry sectors. After early roles in the Nuclear and Heavy Process industries he joined defence contractor Ferranti in 1980 where he became a Divisional General Manager then Group Director, Engineering and Quality with responsibility for seven companies. Joined Thorn EMI Electronics in 1990 as Director and General Manager, Defence Systems Division, a high-tech sensor and systems integration company.
Headhunted to join Railtrack in late 1993 as Director, Electrical Engineering and Control Systems. Promoted to the main Board of Railtrack Group PLC (FTSE 100) in 1997 as Director, Safety and Standards. Chief Executive of independent Railtrack subsidiary ‘Railway Safety’ from 2000 to 2003 at the end of which he set up the Rail Safety and Standards Board (RSSB). Network Rail replaced Railtrack in 2002. Held various external posts during this period including Chairman of the European Rail Research Institute (ERRI), Vice-Chairman of the Association Européenne pour l'Interopérabilité Ferroviaire (AEIF) and Chairman of the Rail Industry Training Council.
Left Network Rail in 2003 and joined Bombardier Transportation (then the world’s largest transportation equipment supplier). Held various Vice President level posts at Bombardier both at Headquarters and within an Operating Division and was a lead auditor for critical projects worldwide. Rejoined the AEIF as an industry Director and was vice-chair of the European Rail Research Advisory Council (ERRAC). In May 2012 he left Bombardier and established Fourth Insight Ltd, an engineering consultancy.
Rod is a Fellow of the Royal Academy of Engineering, the Institution of Engineering and Technology (IET), the Institution of Railway Signal Engineers (IRSE) and a Senior member of the IEEE. He is also a member of the International Advisory Board of Beijing Jiaotong University.
The Development and Key Technologies of Intelligent Railway System in China
By the end of 2017, the total length of railway operation in China has reached 127,000 km. The mileage of high-speed railway is over 25,000 km, ranking the first in the world. For urban rail transit, there are 34 cities having subway systems in China, and the total length is over 4,500 km in operation. In Beijing and Shanghai, the average passenger volumes for subway have been over 10 million per day, which are the two busiest railway networks worldwide. Therefore, efficiency improvement has become one of the main challenges in current railway systems, especially during the construction period.
As one of the trend for future transportation system, the intelligent railway system is to integrate effectively modern Computer, Communication and Control (3C) technologies, such as sensor, data transmission, information fusion and so on. Many successful applications can be found in high-speed railway, urban rail transit, and heavy-haul railway, including moving block, train-to-train communication, intelligent sensing, automatic train operation, train positioning, headway control, and integration of train control and online rescheduling. These will make future railway systems to be safer and more efficiency.
President, Beijing Jiaotong University, China
Prof. Bin NING serves as the President of Beijing Jiaotong University. Since 1982, he has been conducting research and teaching in train operation control systems for high speed railways and urban rail transit systems, intelligent transport systems, fault-tolerant design and fault-diagnosis, and system safety and reliability for digital systems. As a team leader, he and his team have successfully developed CBTC (Communication Based Train Control) system for metro systems, Universal Cab signaling and ATP (Automatic Train Protection) systems for Chinese railways and been successfully commercialized these technologies. Prof. NING has been recognized as one of the pioneers and leaders in the digitalization and networking of railway signal systems for his contributions in the safety and efficient operation of rail transit systems and high speed railways. He has published over 100 refereed technical papers and been authorized more than 20 patents. His academic recognitions include four National Science and Technology Progress Awards.
Dr. NING is a member of the Chinese Academy of Engineering and the Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering Science, and a Fellow of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), the Association of International Railway Signaling Engineers (IRSE) and the Institute of Engineering and Technology (IET). He is also a Fellow of China Railway Society, the Executive Director of China Automation Association, and the Deputy Director of China Traffic System Engineering Society.